1873-1889: Museum of local history, gathering paintings, etchings, stone sculptures and ceramics, in the wake of Vienne’s Universal Exhibition.
1935-1958: Musée des Beaux-Arts at Villa Sainte-Cécile. It presents works coming from the old museum of local histroy, and some private donations – including those of Prince Arfa Riza Mirza Khan or else Alphonse Visconti, decorator of the Opéra de Monte-Carlo – around the major deposit of Mr Wakefield Mori’s contemporary art collection.
1972: Creation of the Musée National de Monaco with the inauguration of the Villa Sauber which houses Madeleine de Galéa’s collection of dolls and automatons, left to Prince Rainier III by his grandson Christian de Galéa.
2003: Appointment of Jean-Michel Bouhours as Chief of the prefiguration project of the Nouveau Musée, , whose first exhibition Acte 1 pour une nouveau musée took place in 2004 at the Salle d’Exposition du Quai Antoine Ier.
2006: Reactivation of the public institution Musée national, and appointment of Jean-Michel Bouhours as Director.
2004-2008: Organisation of off-site temporary exhibitions (Salle d’Exposition du Quai Antoine Ier.) and in one of Villa Sauber’s rooms.
2009: Presentation of the first temporary exhibition at the Villa Sauber : Etonne-moi ! Serge Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes after the Madeleine de Galéa’s collection of dolls and automatons was put in the museum’s storage.
Appointment of Marie-Claude Beaud as Director of the NMNM.
2010: Inauguration of the Villa Paloma as second exhibition space of the NMNM with the exhibition La Carte d’après Nature.
2021: Appointment of Björn Dahlström as Director of the NMNM.